Saliva is a liquid made of water, mucus, proteins, minerals, and an enzyme called amylase. It helps protect against gum disease and tooth decay. Our teeth are covered with a thin film of saliva that helps defend against bacteria. There are antimicrobial agents in saliva that help kill bacteria. As it moves around the mouth, it helps sweep away small bits of food that could have caused tooth decay. It also carries minerals that help rebuild the enamel surfaces of teeth. Saliva can also help neutralize acids in the mouth during and after eating that break down tooth enamel.
Saliva offers many benefits and performs many fundamental functions. One example is that it contains a digestive enzyme that converts starch into sugar to neutralize stomach acid.
- Allows for proper digestion.
- Keeps your mouth moist and comfortable
- Helps you chew, taste, and swallow
- Fights germs in your mouth and prevents bad breath
- Has proteins and minerals that protect tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay and gum disease
- Help keep dentures securely in place
Chemicals are carried to our taste receptor cells through saliva. A reduced ability to taste or a bad, taste in our mouth can be a symptom of decreased saliva flow.
We normally produce saliva by chewing and sucking on food.
We have six major salivary glands and hundreds of minor ones.
Salivary glands, sit inside each of our cheeks, at the bottom of our mouth, and near our front teeth.
Normally, our bodies produce 2 to 4 pints a day.
The optimum concentration of calcium in saliva prevents dental caries and promotes mineralization. It also strengthens and perfects the structure of our teeth. The optimum salivary flow rate is responsible for continuous removal of cariogenic factors and maintaining the pH of the mouth.
Those suffering from a compromised immune systems or diabetes have higher chances of suffering from decreased saliva flow. Due to side effects of medication, diet and or other factors. We encourage frequent dental check-ups and believe they are essential to catching and treating problems early. See your dentist as soon as possible if you have any problem with your teeth or mouth. Our best defense against complication of diabetes is good blood sugar control. Combined with daily brushing and flossing and regular dental check-ups.
Dental cavities are very common and amongst the biggest public health issue in the world. Furthermore, cavities are most common in children and adolescents. Dental cavities and periodontal disease are major causes of tooth loss. Plaque and a low flow of saliva may lead to slow clearance, poor buffering, and reduced supply of calcium.