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Temporomandibular Joint Disorder: What Is It?

In today’s article, we shall be learning a bit about temporomandibular joint disorder and how it affect us. With the help of Los Algodones dentists we will be providing information as to what it is, the symptoms, some causes and the usual treatment and tips used to treat this kind of disorder.


What is this Temporomandibular Joint?

The temporomandibular joint is the hinge that makes the connection between the jaw and the temporal bones in the skull. It is arranged in such a way that it allows the movement of our jaw easily, from up to down and side to side.

Naturally, this is what we use when we talk, eat, chew, and everything that requires the movement of our jaw.


What are the symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

There are many hints and signs that can tell you if you are suffering from temporomandibular joint disorder. This is usually narrowed down with the help of x-rays, a diagnosis, medical and dental history and such.

Some of the most discomforts and symptoms experiences are:

  • Migraines and headaches.
  • Earaches and/or pain and pressure behind the eyes.
  • Problems when attempting to open wide your mouth.
  • Clicking and popping noises when chewing or opening and closing your mouth.
  • Jaws might get stuck or locked into position at times.
  • Swelling.


What can cause it?

Temporomandibular joint disorder is believed to stem from problems with the affected parts themselves. That is, the muscles and joint that have to do with the jaw movement in your mouth.

As such, things that can heavily wear it down or directly affect it can trigger temporomandibular joint disorder:

  • In other words, clenching, grinding and gritting your teeth. This also includes unnecessary pressure exerted on the joint.
  • As arthritis is closely related to this, it has a good chance to trigger this disorder as well.
  • High amounts of stress makes the mouth and facial muscles to tighten. It also relates to bruxism.
  • The movement of the disc or soft cushion which is located between the ball and socket.


Treatment for this disorder

Los Algodones dentists say that there is no definite way to get rid of this disorder. There are, however, ways of relieving and easing up the symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder.

So for relieving the pain and discomfort that comes from temporomandibular joint disorder, there are several options:

  • Easing up the pain and muscle spams by taking OTC medication.. Over-the-counter relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs work for this case. Also muscle relaxants and aspirins.
  • Being wary of bruxism. Clenching and grinding our teeth must be avoided at all costs. There are some people that do this as they sleep. For this, you can use a night guard to help against this bad behavior.
  • Take it easy it to minimize stress. There are techniques and training aimed to help against muscle cramps and such. Even your own dentist can suggest a course or counseling place to help with this.
  • There is also the possibility of engaging in transcutaneous eletrical never stimulator. This type of therapy uses weak electrical currents that helps bring relief to join and facial muscles.
  • Depending on the case, surgery can help improve the disorder. A surgery such as jaw joint surgery can be suggested by your dentist if they see that it will help in the long-term.

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