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Xerostomia: Dry Mouth And Saliva

Xerostomia is the condition where the person is not producing enough saliva. This can be quite troublesome as we need it for eating, speaking, among other things.

In this article we shall be explaining what xerostomia is thanks to Los Algodones dentists. Not only that but also we will include what causes it and how to treat it.


What is xerostomia?

In short words, xerostomia is when the body produces very little saliva, which makes difficult many aspects in life.

Although having a dry mouth is something most of people notice at first, it might not be the source of the problem. In most scenarios xerostomia is just a side effect of medication or other illnesses.


What causes the dryness?

Since the production of saliva are not as they should be, it is safe to say the salivary glands are not working like they should. This is can be typically attributed in some cases to stress, anxiety and  medication. So xerostomia can be a side effect of:

  • Medication of both prescription and OTC drugs. These typically entail drugs used for anxiety, depression, pain, acne, allergies, hypertension, nausea, diarrhea and so on. The best you can do is talk to your physician and see if there are alternatives or options available.
  • Diseases, syndromes and infections. A wide variety can be the greater cause of xerostomia, such as Alzheimer’s, Sjörgren’s, Parkinson’s, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, arthritis, and more.
  • Other treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation. Treatments such as the aforementioned can affect and reduce the amount of saliva made by the salivary glands.
  • Damage to the nerves. A blow or hit to the head or area can affect the function of your salivary glands as well. This can happen either as an injury or as a result of an injury.
  • By not ingesting enough fluids in your diet, it becomes harder for the body
  • Tobacco products have proven to be bad for not only your breath, but also your teeth and mouth.

Failing to do something about it can lead to many issues inside your mouth. Some of these being everything related to tooth decay, cavities, caries, gum disease and swollen salivary glands.


How is it treated?

First and foremost, you must know what is causing your xerostomia. If it is from medications, we suggest to talk to your doctor or physician. This way they can switch or adjust the amount you have to take it so that the side effects are easier on you.

If that is not an option, then you might need something to aid the dryness of your mouth. This can come in the form of an oral rinse or even medication that boosts the production of saliva.

There are also other ways to help with the production of saliva:

  • Sugar-free gums and candy can help a whole ton. It is important for them to be sugar-free as you need the saliva to stop tooth decay, not enhance it.
  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Los Algodones dentists suggest to avoid acid and sugary drinks.
  • Include fluoride whenever you can. Either by drinking tap water or by using fluoride toothpastes and mouthwashes.
  • Visit your dentist regularly as they will be able to help you with your issues.

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